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MLA Referencing Style
MLA (short for the Modern Language Association) is the default formatting style for referencing at our school.
MLA requires in-text citations, NOT footnotes. (Note that footnotes may be used in MLA if you are providing extra or explanatory information, not citations.)
For more information about MLA, visit their website.
MLA 8 vs. MLA 7
A guide to the differences between the two with the latest updates
MLA is Different!
The 8th edition of the MLA Handbook substantially changes how citations are formed.
All citations now follow one basic "core element" standard.
Modern Language Association Style Handbook: 8th edition
The new edition of the MLA Handbook provides a "universal set of guidelines" (see left column) for citing sources for ALL types. The major elements of ALL citations are below:
CORE 1: Author
CORE 2: Title of Source
CORE 3: Title of Container
CORE 4: Other Contributors
CORE 5: Version
CORE 6: Number
CORE 7: Publisher
CORE 8: Publication Date
CORE 9: Location
This guide was originally created by Nadine Bailey, teacher librarian at Canadian International School.